ГоловнаArchive of numbers2023Volume 31, issue 2 (115)Assessing predictors of stress in war survivors using a digital self-help tool
Title of the article Assessing predictors of stress in war survivors using a digital self-help tool
Authors Lahutina Sofiia
Frankova Iryna
Gryen Marius
Lozin Artem
Year 2023 Issue Volume 31, issue 2 (115) Pages 29-36
Type of article Scientific article Index UDK 616.89:612.014 Index BBK -

 Recent studies show the importance of timing of an intervention in the prevention of men- tal health disorders followed by exposure to traumatic experiences and lend further support to the concept of the “golden hours”. On the second day of the war escalation in Ukraine, a psychological first aid (PFA) digital intervention was launched. Chatbot ‘Friend’ provided psy- choeducation and self-help guidance on how to cope with war-related stress. A total of about 50,000 users interacted with the chatbot from March 2022 until the end of May 2022. The re- search aimed to identify the predictors of baseline levels of stress after exposure to traumatic experiences during the golden hours and the first 3 months of the war in the Ukrainian popula- tion. The inclusion criteria for this study were, age between 18 and 80 years; informed consent and agreement to further usage of personal data; and an indication of a stress level at the beginning of the chatbot conversation. The hypothesis test was conducted through a three- way Analysis of Variance. The final sample included 3740 participants (Mage = 29.00 years, SD age = 9.13 years). Approximately 67 % of the sample participants reported having children. A large majority of participants (93.2 %) reported being safe, and 70.5 % reported being lonely or isolated. Participants with children (p = .019), participants feeling not safe (p < .001), or iso- lated (p < .001) had higher pre-intervention stress levels. Parenthood, feelings of insecurity, and loneliness do predict the severity of perceived stress after exposure to traumatic experiences during the golden hours and the first 3 months of the war in the Ukrainian population. Especially those having children, feeling lonely and unsafe require active follow-up.
Key words digital interventions, post-traumatic stress disorder, stress predictors, stress, traumatic situation, social isolation, loneliness, parenting, sense of danger, psychological first aid, resilience, war, chatbot, mental health, exposure
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